for Nick Cunningham | @nickcunningham1 - The Fuse
Recent reforms scrapped the requirement that Petrobras own a 30 percent stake in all pre-salt oil fields, essentially opening the door to private international companies. As a result, Brazil's oil production is flourishing.
The outlook for Argentina’s Vaca Muerta is arguably more positive than it has ever been, with some oil majors recently giving the go-ahead on big shale investments in the country.
The combination of higher interest rates and rising drilling costs could stifle the rebound in shale production. While the oil majors will likely take higher interest rates in stride, more expensive credit would threaten the financial health of small E&Ps.
Oil majors may not be entirely out of the woods yet, but first-quarter performances suggest that they are on the upswing after nearly three years of mostly red ink.
The Arctic’s strategic importance to Moscow helps explain why Russia is moving ahead so aggressively in the region while the economic case for doing so is questionable
Despite setbacks for the industry, the U.S. shale gas revolution still persists, with the Marcellus play thriving, drillers using more efficient techniques, and exports possibly rising over the long term.
A combination of high demand growth and declining production in China puts extra emphasis on projects like the Myanmar pipeline as the country looks to improve energy security.
The economic calamity in Venezuela is having a ripple effect on the oil market, altering long-standing trade flows and hollowing out the country’s oil-producing assets.
Production in UK waters has struggled to compete against cheap oil in the Middle East, lower risk and short-cycle U.S. shale, and even expensive offshore oil fields in relatively less explored places like South America, West Africa or the Eastern Mediterranean.
Even as ExxonMobil sharply increases spending on shale this year, it has also prioritized one major project in particular—a drilling prospect off the coast of Guyana.
While growth in shale has garnered a lot of attention, overlooked is the fact that Canada and Brazil are expected to add a combined 2 mbd over the next five years.
Exxon and other oil majors are still giving the green light to a handful of complex and risky but potentially highly profitable projects offshore, while at the same time increasingly shifting more resources into safer, smaller-scale shale drilling.
If fundamentals weaken and oil market sentiment shifts, a sharp price correction is likely once investors liquidate their long positions.
The oil industry opposed the disclosure requirements, arguing that the rules are onerous and costly while putting American companies at a disadvantage in the international market.
The sharp increase in gasoline inventories since the end of last year has raised some concerns, helping deflate the bullish sentiment that has permeated the oil market over the past few months.
Oil majors are now cash flow neutral with oil prices trading around $50 per barrel, a milestone achieved after relentless cuts to spending and payrolls over the past couple of years.
Under the border-adjustment tax, U.S. oil would be exempted from taxes if it is exported abroad, making it much more competitive. The tax, however, will have difficulty passing in Congress since it would also likely raise pump prices.
The ramp-up of battery production, combined with the rollout of a growing number of new EV models, ensures strong demand for lithium in the years ahead.
After two years of seeing spending contract, the oil industry is poised to boost capex in 2017, but some warn that may not be enough to keep a shortfall from occurring in the future.
The Eastern Mediterranean has not seen dramatic development to date, but the scale of its reserves could be enormous and potentially alter the energy security and trade outlooks for the different countries in the area.
U.S. independent shale companies are starting to step up their spending plans, eyeing a swift return to the shale patch as oil prices rise. Many have revised their capex upward, added rigs, and hedged production forward.
The future for pipeline companies could be mixed. A friendlier environment from the federal government is a boon, but a potential minefield of local opposition will also block construction.
With an eye on his legacy, President Obama is trying to ink a few energy and environmental victories before he leaves the White House. The Dakota Access pipeline, the BLM's fracking rule, and monument designations are key areas of focus for the outgoing administration.
The International Energy Agency warns that the age of fossil fuels is far from over. Governments around the world need to step up their policy efforts to find alternatives in the transportation sector in order to keep demand in check.
Third quarter earnings figures for the oil majors reveal a mixed picture for the industry: Companies are dealing with more debt, weaker refining margins, and deeper spending cuts, but they are also experiencing increased optimism that the worst might be over.
Henry Hub spot prices are up to roughly $3.20/MMBtu, up more than 100 percent from the March low point and up 15 percent since September. Looking forward, the market could grow tighter still.
Cost reductions seen throughout the industry could end up being cyclical. An increase in drilling activity will likely grant greater leverage to OFS companies, who may ultimately pass on higher expenses to oil companies.
The recent oil discovery on Alaska’s northern coast could reverse the state’s declining output and restore government coffers after revenue declined sharply from the collapse in oil prices.
Although the carbon tax proposed by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will likely cause more stress for the country's oil industry, it may lead to approval for much-need oil pipelines.
The Permian has weathered the downturn in prices better than other shale plays, and prospects there are improving even more with prices firming after OPEC's decision to cut output.
Exxon has dismissed the probes of its accounting practices as unwarranted and politically motivated, but they could mark a watershed moment for the oil and gas industry.
Even as renewables are playing a larger and ever-expanding role in global electricity markets, oil still dominates the transportation sector and will continue to do so for some time, making today's upstream spending cuts worrisome.
While this past weekend’s earthquake in Oklahoma will not likely bring drilling to a halt, it could usher in a new era of heightened oversight on fracking in a state that has seen increasing investment from shale companies in recent years.
OPEC has learned in recent months that it doesn't even have to cut production to boost oil prices.
While some companies have been able to drill profitable wells with prices at current levels and the Permian remains attractive, the U.S. oil industry is not healthy with oil under $50.
The second quarter saw a remarkable plunge in refining margins, taking away the one source of comfort for the integrated oil majors.
As of June, Nigeria had lost 500,000 to 600,000 barrels per day of oil production, vaporizing about $30 million of daily revenues for the country. The Nigerian government had already seen its oil revenues cut in half by the collapse of oil prices, but the loss of a substantial portion of its production has pushed the country into a state of crisis.
The global oil markets have been dealing with a crude supply glut for sometime, but now the surplus has shifted to refined products. With high stocks of diesel and gasoline worldwide, oil prices, now trading in the mid-$40s, could move lower.
The fight over territory is less about a scramble for resources in the South China Sea than it is about asserting sovereignty and hegemony in the region. Control over oil and gas reserves happens to be one component of that objective, but is not necessarily central to it.
The approval of the $37 billion expansion is the largest final investment decision across the entire global oil industry this year, and ranks in the top three in recent years.
Natural gas prices in the U.S. for August delivery climbed to $2.90 per million Btu (MMBtu) on the last day of June, capping a 30 percent rally in just one month. Today’s prices are also the highest in nearly a year, ending an extraordinary run in which spot prices stayed below $2/MMBtu for much of that time.
Despite oil prices returning to the $50 level, expectations of a sudden surge of new oil production in the U.S. are unfounded.
Natural gas markets have not lived up to the expectations in the intervening years since the International Energy Agency originally speculated about a potential golden age for gas.
The current relationship between upstream producers and oilfield service companies is not only contributing to cost overruns and project delays, it's also stifling innovation and decreasing the overall efficiency of the oil industry.
The oil majors are living off of yesterday’s discoveries, and choosing to pay shareholders at the expense of future growth.
Even though the Obama Administration announced methane regulations that were more biting than expected on existing wells, the real story is pending regulations on existing installations, and if the next administration will uphold them.
With China's economy slowing, India has stepped up as the world's main center of oil demand growth. This means its thirst for crude oil imports will continue to grow.
For Britain’s oil sector, the possibility of a “Brexit” has not raised alarm bells as of yet, but there could be higher costs for the industry if Britain breaks up with Europe.
As Canadian wildfires have failed to cause lasting damage to tar sands extraction facilities, oil markets remain calm despite the size of the disruption.
The oil majors reported very dismal numbers for the first quarter, but earnings exceeded market expectations largely because of earnings from their downstream units: Refining operations have allowed the large integrated oil companies to weather low oil prices much better than upstream E&P companies.
The combined effect of the economic collapse, lack of maintenance at oilfields and refineries, and power shortages could cut off at least a quarter of a million barrels per day of oil production this year.
If oil prices do not rebound substantially, the oil majors will not be able to keep up such high levels of spending and still offer shareholders such generous dividends.
Russia has the means and determination to hold onto its gas market in Europe, but in doing so, will be forced to give up much of its leverage over pricing and the way contracts are written.
In addition to its role as the top importer, China is one of the world's top five producers of oil. But its contributions to the global market are dwinding this year as its oil companies slash upstream investment.
U.S. President Barack Obama travels to Saudi Arabia this week, where he will navigate a damaged relationship with an ally while trying to reorient American priorities in the region.
Both banks and regulators are cracking down on shale producers, as 10 of the largest U.S. banks still have $147 billion in unfunded credit to energy companies.
The U.S. is on course to set a new record in gasoline consumption in 2016.
What to know about "The Bribe Factory," Monaco-based Unaoil's many illicit dealings with oil producing countries and companies.
Security-related challenges have disrupted Iraq’s production in the short run, but fiscal pressure and political gridlock threaten to do lasting damage to Iraq’s ability to substantially ratchet up oil production in the years ahead.
Russia's oil industry has hit a post-Soviet record, but it lacks access to the investment capital it needs to maintain output.
The Governor of Alaska has proposed changes to how the state collects revenue, a recognition that the state’s best oil days are likely in the past.
The results from the BOEM's auction this week were disappointing. The weak interest in the Gulf of Mexico from the industry stems mostly from the current low oil price environment.
The growing oversupply in LNG export capacity has weighed on prices for the key market in Asia, pushing spot prices down by about two-thirds in less than two years. Excess supplies will likely kill off an array of LNG export terminals that have not yet moved forward with final investment decisions.
Chevron, Shell, ConocoPhillips, and ExxonMobil are all announcing limits on megaproject spending to focus on shale oil and gas production.
After defying gravity for over a year, every American shale producer and shale play is showing signs of decline.
Economists have long supported the phasing out of global fossil fuel subsidies as a way to temper global oil demand. The era of cheap oil is finally making these reforms a reality.
Developing oil and gas in Brazil means dealing with the country's beleaguered state oil company, Petrobras. In spite of this impediment, Royal Dutch Shell is doubling down on Brazil.
The industry is producing more oil than the world is consuming, and the extra crude is going into storage. Since the onset of the current market downturn in mid-2014, storage tanks around the world have been mopping up the excess oil, putting downward pressure on prices.
Caught between the battle with ISIS, the public's needs, and desire to invest in future oil production, Iraq is running out of options as low oil prices drag on.
While headlines about Venezuela nearing a default have appeared for more than a year now, market sentiment regarding Venezuela’s ability to weather the oil price downturn has taken a turn for the worse as of late.
The prospect of Iranian crude flooding an already oversupplied market helped to push oil prices below $30 per barrel in mid-January, but oil prices have further to fall.
The outlook appears bleak for Canada’s oil industry, with prices for some crude grades in the country trading for just $15 per barrel. The outlook is so bad that some companies are shutting in production.
Oil markets are closely watching production levels at key shale formations, but output at thousands of stripper wells throughout the United States is at risk.
In the wake of the crisis and violence in Ukraine, the EU stepped up its search for alternative supply sources to trim its dependence on imported Russian natural gas, but solutions such as imported LNG provide only marginal energy security gains.
Natural gas prices have quietly fallen to dramatically low levels, eclipsing even the rock-bottom prices seen years ago when the shale gas revolution took off.
Low oil prices are having a large impact on currencies of major oil-producing countries. Weaker currencies can bring positive developments for the economies, but there are a number of downsides. Here's how a number of big producers have been affected.
Venezuela is set to vote on parliamentary elections on December 6, a possible turning point that could create the first major cracks in nearly two decades of uncontested Chavismo rule. A perfect storm is hitting Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro all at once, with low oil prices at the center of the turbulence.
Despite a tumultuous history for foreign investors, Argentina is home to the only commercial shale production outside of North America, with output expected to double by 2018.
Despite its potential, the Arctic will not likely see large-scale development in the near-to-medium term, if ever. The region’s remote location, lack of infrastructure, harsh conditions, and most importantly, the high-cost of drilling will continue to undermine Arctic oil drilling.
China is passing the baton to India as the global driver of energy demand growth, according to the International Energy Agency.
Worker concerns about privatization of Brazil's oil assets is driving a massive strike, with the potential to cause a meaningful production disruption.
Energy policy has flown under the radar in the Republican presidential campaign—a fact that belies the range of critical energy issues that will be essential for the next President to address.
Surging rates for oil tankers and use of floating storage show that, even with global oil demand growth at a five-year high, oil markets still aren't out of the woods.
Flagging investment, price and infrastructure challenges, and the coming election are contributing to a grim outlook for Canada's oil industry.
The Syrian war has rattled the Middle East and increased tensions between Russia and the U.S., but there has not been any significant impact on oil prices.
Low oil prices have accelerated the decline of North Sea crude oil production. As companies decommission their fields, those that remain are shouldered with increasing costs and pressure to exit.
U.S. oil production has received a lot of attention lately for stalling out and beginning to decline, but the U.S. shale gas revolution also appears to have also slowed down, at least for now.
Brazil's missteps in tapping its massive presalt oil reserves is the latest example of the country failing to live up to its potential.
Mexico is already hurting from low oil prices. The government's recent move to lock in a $49 price hedge for 2016 reflects high levels of desperation and uncertainty.
Egypt was facing a future of steep import bills to meet natural gas needs, but that could all change if Eni’s new discovery lives up to the hype.
Turkey sits at the crossroads between east and west. This has been a strategic advantage throughout its history, but even in the modern world, Turkey still sees an enormous benefit from being the gateway between Europe, Central Asia, and the energy-rich Middle East.
Oil prices, which have sunk to fresh six-year lows, are on their longest losing streak in about thirty years, and the bear market is not over yet: The coming months offer more threats to the crude market, on top of the ongoing surplus in supply.
Optimists believed that development of a the Leviathan natural gas field could mitigate some of the most volatile tensions in the Middle East, improve regional energy security, and even allow Europe to reduce its gas imports from Russia.
A look at some of the world's largest oil fields, that are now a shadow of their former selves.
The Keystone XL project has become an over-hyped political symbol increasingly detached from reality, but the pipeline does symbolize the struggles that Canadian oil sands producers have had in getting their product to market.
Unmanned aerial vehicles, or “drones,” have been used to drop missiles on military targets for years, but they are rapidly expanding into commercial markets, including the oil industry. Drones offer all sorts of applications that the industry can use.
High school dropout rates offer evidence that even in the United States, we are not immune to long-term economic consequences from natural resource extraction.
The U.S. oil industry is clamoring around a technology breakthrough that promises to extract more oil while slashing costs. But is "refracking" worth all the hype?
With global oil demand growing and upstream investment faltering overseas, U.S. shale oil is a riskier bet than many think.
Shale drillers, with diminishing access to inexpensive debt and the cushion of price hedges, face a murky outlook as oil prices seem unlikely to rebound.
Despite the recent excitement surrounding export opportunities for U.S. natural gas producers, global LNG demand is looking remarkably weak.
Which cities are hit hardest when oil prices collapse?
Saudi Arabia is now producing oil at the highest level in nearly thirty years. Can it still provide cover in the event of a disruption?
Producing oil from shale is quicker than from conventional sources, but Saudi Arabia is still the world’s only “swing producer.”