If the GCC crisis lasts for months or even years, the appeal of more extreme measures could grow over time.
The Eastern Mediterranean has not seen dramatic development to date, but the scale of its reserves could be enormous and potentially alter the energy security and trade outlooks for the different countries in the area.
The Egyptian government, in order to raise revenues, has increased taxes on ships that use the Suez Canal, but the move will likely backfire, as oil-at-sea volumes will find other routes to reach their destinations.
Egypt was facing a future of steep import bills to meet natural gas needs, but that could all change if Eni’s new discovery lives up to the hype.
Optimists believed that development of a the Leviathan natural gas field could mitigate some of the most volatile tensions in the Middle East, improve regional energy security, and even allow Europe to reduce its gas imports from Russia.