While the Mexican government has drastically overhauled the oil sector to allow foreign investment, recent news of enormous offshore discoveries are, to date, the largest and most significant manifestations of those reforms.
An average of 11 million barrels of fuel were stolen per year between 2009 and 2015, with the amount soaring to higher levels in 2016. Fuel theft could become a greater issue for Pemex if the increasing trend continues.
There is still a long way to go before Mexican production can grow in a meaningful way, but several years since the landmark liberalization of the country’s energy sector, the situation is finally moving in the right direction.
Exports of refined products and a rebound in gasoline demand have been crucial elements of refiner success as of late.
Low oil prices and soaring budget deficits have provided motivation for emerging markets to scrap the status quo with regards to fuel subsidies. Despite short-term pain from liberalizing prices, as seen currently in Mexico, longer-run benefits of curbing oil demand growth will emerge.
Mexico’s crude oil production has declined for 11 consecutive years, and a recovery is nowhere in sight.
2015 has been a roller coaster for energy and oil markets. We break down the most critical developments of the year.
Mexico is already hurting from low oil prices. The government's recent move to lock in a $49 price hedge for 2016 reflects high levels of desperation and uncertainty.
The U.S. government has approved a crude oil swap agreement between the United States and Mexico, in the latest dent in the longstanding ban on exports of American crude oil.
Mexico's historic initial auction, although it was a bust, is a positive reflection of how major producing countries in Latin America are moving away from resource nationalism—for now, at least—as they struggle in the current low oil price environment that shows no sign of turning around.