Sprawl has a major impact on travel by extending trip distances in urban landscapes as well as creating a need for additional vehicle trips, by undermining the walkability as well as the densities needed for transit.
Between 1950 and 1980, central city densities plunged, VMT soared, and transit ridership plummeted. Many commentators have speculated whether renewed “urbanization” will lead to large reductions in vehicle ownership and VMT.
Clear recognition of the link between urban design and VMT is crucial to understanding the relevance of urban planning movements pursuing “compact development” to reduce fuel consumption and oil dependence
Portland, Oregon has higher transit ridership levels and lower vehicle miles traveled (VMT) than other metro areas of similar population.
Graphics Highlighting the Need for Infrastructure Investment, Avoiding a Patchwork of AV Legislation
Rather than implementing a patchwork of state legislation, the U.S. will need a well-connected transportation system with national infrastructure standards in order to handle coming changes with AV technology.
A combination of an extended period of low prices, consumers buying larger vehicles, and strong economic growth has caused demand to soar since it reached its nadir in 2012.
Fuel efficiency standards and the long-term saturation of VMT are key factors that could have a major impact on reducing foreign petroleum dependence in the transportation sector.
Fully autonomous vehicles on roads and highways could virtually eliminate traffic accidents, but it’s uncertain when such a scenario will occur. Right now, the country is in a midst of a crisis from car crashes, as reflected in recent government data showing a sharp rise in fatalities this year.
Smartphones, cell phones, and the Internet aren’t perfect proxies for extrapolating penetration of autonomy, but they can provide a basis for discussion about what might happen with self-driving technology.
A study from a major research group finds that the transition to autonomous cars will bring about a sharp increase in fuel efficiency and hasten the use of alternative energy sources, both of which will slice demand for petroleum.